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Nonstarch Polysaccharides from Preprocessed Wheat Bran: Carbohydrate Analysis and Novel Rheological Properties1

January 1999 Volume 76 Number 1
Pages 129 — 133
Wuwei Cui , 2 , 3 Peter J. Wood , 2 John Weisz , 2 and Michael U. Beer 2

For the Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food, Government of Canada. Food Research Program, Southern Crop Protection and Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 93 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario, N1H 8J7, Canada FRP S-003. Corresponding author. E-mail: cuis@em.agr.ca

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Accepted July 8, 1998.

Wheat preprocessing technology produces a bran fraction rich in both soluble (8.5%) and insoluble (29.2%) fibers. The fraction, prepared by the Tkac and Timm commercial process, contained 9% alkaline extractable nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP). Conditions for extraction of NSP were chosen on the basis of both yield and molecular size of product. The extracted NSP was composed of an arabinoxylan and a mixed linkage(1→3)(1→4)-β-D-glucan. The NSP differed from previously reported wheat pentosans by exhibiting shear-thinning flow behavior at low concentration in water (0.5%, 25°C) and, more importantly, forming a thermally reversible gel upon cooling at 4°C. This unique gelling property is neither the commonly described irreversible gelation brought about by oxidation of wheat endosperm pentosans nor a characteristic property of cereal β-glucan. The low degree of substitution of the xylan chain of the arabinoxylan (xylose-to-arabinose ratio = 3) in this NSP might be responsible for the rheo-logical behavior.

© 1999 Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada