Cereals & Grains Association
Log In

Phytosterol Distribution in Fractions Obtained from Processing of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles Using Sieving and Elutriation

November 2007 Volume 84 Number 6
Pages 626 — 630
Radhakrishnan Srinivasan,1 Robert A. Moreau,2 Kent D. Rausch,3 M. E. Tumbleson,3 and Vijay Singh3,4

Former graduate student, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801. Present address: Assistant research professor, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762. Lead scientist, Crop Conversion Science and Engineering Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, ARS, USDA, Wyndmoor, PA 19038. Associate professor, professor emeritus, and associate professor, respectively, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801. Corresponding author. Phone: 217-333-9510. Fax: 217-244-0323. E-mail address: vsingh@uiuc.edu

Go to Article:
Accepted July 10, 2007.

In an earlier study, the combination of sieving and elutriation was effective in separating fiber from distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), the coproduct remaining after ethanol production from corn. To separate fiber, air was blown through sieve fractions in an elutriation column. Material carried by air to the top of the elutriation column was the lighter fraction; material that settled in the bottom was the heavier fraction. Separation of fiber from DDGS resulted in two products: 1) elusieve fiber with high neutral detergent fiber (NDF), which was obtained by combining lighter fractions; and 2) enhanced DDGS with reduced fiber (low NDF) and increased fat and increased protein contents, which was obtained by combining material remaining after separation of lighter fractions. There were no differences in phytosterol distributions (St:E, St, and FPE) among sieve categories. Phytosterol contents of oil from the lighter fractions were higher than or the same as the corresponding heavier fractions. Total phytosterol contents in elusieve fiber and enhanced DDGS were 112–142 and 226–232 mg/100 g, respectively. Phytosterol contents in elusieve fractions were compared with phytosterol contents reported in previous studies for fiber from different corn processing techniques. Phytosterol content of elusieve fiber was higher than wet-milling endosperm fiber (71 mg/100 g). Enhanced DDGS had higher phytosterol content than dry-milling fiber (152 mg/100 g), wet-milling endosperm fiber (71 mg/100 g), quick fiber obtained from steeping without chemicals (215 mg/100 g), and DDGS (216 mg/100 g). Wet-milling pericarp fiber (241 mg/100 g) and quick fiber from steeping with chemicals (275 mg/100 g) had higher phytosterol contents than elusieve fiber and enhanced DDGS. Phytosterol extraction from elusieve fiber could potentially increase revenues from elusieve process; however the increase in price of elusieve products could not be determined because estimates for the cost of the phytosterol extraction and for the value of ferulate phytosterol esters are not available.

© 2007 AACC International, Inc.