Print To PDF
Biological Contamination of Grains in Transportation—Farm to Fork
© 2020 Cereals & Grains Association
There are many forms of contamination that can affect grain quality from the farm through transportation, storage, and processing of grains before they are ready for consumption as food or feed. Of these forms of contamination, biological contamination can be a significant threat to human and animal health when contaminated grain is processed into food or feed. Biological contamination encompasses allergens, mycotoxins, pests, and microbes.
Trying to reach content?
View Full Article
if you don't have access, become a member
- Bianchini, A., Horsley, R., Jack, M. M., Kobielush, B., Ryu, D., et al. DON occurrence in grains: A North American perspective. Cereal Foods World 60:32, 2015.
- Codex Alimentarius Commission. Codex Standard 193-1995, General standard for contaminants and toxins in food and feed. Published online at www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/livestockgov/documents/1_CXS_193e.pdf. Codex Alimentarius International Food Standards. FAO/WHO, Rome, Italy, 2009.
- Food Allergy Research and Education. Common allergies. Published online at www.foodallergy.org/common-allergens. FARE, McLean, VA, 2019.
- Hernandez Nopsa, J. F., Daglish, G. J., Hagstrum, D. W., Leslie, J. F., Phillips, T. W., Scoglio, C., Thomas-Sharma, S., Walter, G. H., and Garrett, K. A. Ecological networks in stored grain: Key postharvest nodes for emerging pests, pathogens, and mycotoxins. BioScience 65:985, 2015.
- Page, E. T. Trends in food recalls: 2004-13. EIB-191. Published online at www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/88497/eib-191.pdf. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC, 2018.
- Tyco Integrated Security. Recall: The food industry’s biggest threat to profitability. Food Safety Matters podcast. Available online at www.foodsafetymagazine.com/signature-series/recall-the-food-industrys-biggest-threat-to-profitability. Food Safety Magazine, foodsafetymagazine.com, 2012.
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA investigates low levels of peanut residue found in limited flour and flour products. Published online at www.fda.gov/food/alerts-advisories-safety-information/fda-investigates-low-levels-peanut-residue-found-limited-flour-and-flour-products. FDA, Silver Spring, MD, 2016.
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Company Announcement: General Mills recalls five pound bags of Gold Medal unbleached all purpose flour. Available online at www.fda.gov/safety/recalls-market-withdrawals-safety-alerts/general-mills-recalls-five-pound-bags-gold-medal-unbleached-all-purpose-flour. FDA, Silver Spring, MD, 2019.
- World Health Organization. Mycotoxins. Published online at www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/mycotoxins. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2018.