Print To PDF
Emerging Crops with Enhanced Ecosystem Services: Progress in Breeding and Processing for Food Use
Catrin Tyl,1 Lee DeHaan,2 Katherine Frels,3 Prabin Bajgain,3 M. David Marks,4 and James A. Anderson3
1 Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, U.S.A. LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/catrin-tyl-a27bbb69
2 The Land Institute, Salina, KS, U.S.A. Twitter: #perennialgrain and #kernza; Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheLandInstitute
3 Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, U.S.A.
4 Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, U.S.A.
© 2020 Cereals & Grains Association
Intermediate wheatgrass (IWG) breeding with food use as the primary goal has been ongoing for about 30 years. Tremendous improvements in grain yield, shatter resistance, and free-threshing ability have been achieved, coupled with considerable but comparably moderate increases in seed size. Larger seeds have prompted flour refinement evaluations, which has led to pronounced improvements in flour and bread properties. Removal of bran reduces a large portion of the insoluble dietary fiber, which allows for better hydration of protein networks and, consequently, results in better bread quality. Certain dough conditioners (ascorbic acid and wheat gluten preparations) are able to further improve either dough or bread, although none of the dough conditioners tested improve both. IWG breeding has entered a new phase by focusing on genomic prediction to accelerate progress. In addition, pennycress is being developed as a new cash cover crop with the potential to serve as a source of oil and protein for food use. Rapid progress has been made in domesticating pennycress from a wild, nonedible plant species to a food crop producing edible oil. To make the seed meal suitable for food applications further improvements are needed, as is further characterization of flavor and protein functionality, before pennycress can be used as a protein source.
Trying to reach content?
View Full Article
if you don't have access, become a member
- Allard, R. W., and Bradshaw, A. D. Implications of genotype–environmental interactions in applied plant breeding. Crop Sci. 4:503, 1964.
- Altendorf, K., Isbell, T., Wyse, D. L., and Anderson, J. A. Significant variation for seed oil content, fatty acid profile, and seed weight in natural populations of field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.). Ind. Crop Prod. 129:261, 2019.
- Bajgain, P., Zhang, X., and Anderson, J. A. Genome-wide association study of yield component traits in intermediate wheatgrass and implications in genomic selection and breeding. G3 Genes Genome Genet. 9:2429, 2019.
- Bajgain, P., Zhang, X., Turner, M. K., Curland, R. D., Heim, B., Dill-Macky, R., Ishimaru, C. A., and Anderson, J. A. Characterization of genetic resistance to Fusarium head blight and bacterial leaf streak in intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium). Agronomy 9:429, 2019.
- Banjade, J. D., Gajadeera, C., Tyl, C. E., Ismail, B. P., and Schoenfuss, T. C. Evaluation of dough conditioners and bran refinement on functional properties of intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium). J. Cereal Sci. 86:26, 2019.
- Banjade, J. D., Tyl, C. E., and Schoenfuss, T. C. Effect of dough conditioners and refinement on intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) bread. LWT. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2019.108442. 2019.
- Becker, R., Wagoner, P., Hanners, G. D., and Saunders, R. M. Compositional, nutritional and functional evaluation of intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium). J. Food Process. Preserv. 15:63, 1991.
- Cattani, D. J. Selection of a perennial grain for seed productivity across years: Intermediate wheatgrass as a test species. Can. J. Plant Sci. 97:516, 2016.
- Chopra, R., Folstad, N., Lyons, J., Ulmasov, T., Gallaher, C., et al. The adaptable use of Brassica NIRS calibration equations to identify pennycress variants to facilitate the rapid domestication of a new winter oilseed crop. Ind. Crops Prod. 128:55, 2019.
- Chopra, R., Johnson, E. B., Daniels, E., McGinn, M., Dorn, K. M., et al. Translational genomics using Arabidopsis as a model enables the characterization of pennycress genes through forward and reverse genetics. Plant J. 96:1093, 2018.
- Chopra, R., Johnson, E. B., Emenecker, R., Cahoon, E. B., Lyons, J., et al. Identification and stacking of crucial traits required for the domestication of pennycress. Nat. Food 1:84, 2020.
- Curland, R. D., Gao, L., Bull, C. T., Vinatzer, B. A., Dill-Macky, R., Van Eck, L., and Ishimaru, C. A. Genetic diversity and virulence of wheat and barley strains of Xanthomonas translucens from the Upper Midwestern United States. Phytopathology 108:443, 2018.
- DeHaan, L., Christians, M., Crain, J., and Poland, J. Development and evolution of an intermediate wheatgrass domestication program. Sustainability 10:1499, 2018.
- DeHaan, L. R., and Ismail, B. P. Perennial cereals provide ecosystem benefits. Cereal Foods World 62:278, 2017.
- DeHaan, L. R., Van Tassel, D. L., Anderson, J. A., Asselin, S. R., Barnes, R., et al. A pipeline strategy for grain crop domestication. Crop Sci. 56:917, 2016.
- Del Ponte, E. M., Valent, B., and Bergstrom, G. C. A special issue on Fusarium head blight and wheat blast. Trop. Plant Pathol. 42:143, 2017.
- Dorn, K. M., Fankhauser, J. D., Wyse, D. L., and Marks, M. D. De novo assembly of the pennycress (Thlaspi arvense) transcriptome provides tools for the development of a winter cover crop and biodiesel feedstock. Plant J. 75:1028, 2013.
- Dorn, K. M., Fankhauser, J. D., Wyse, D. L., and Marks, M. D. A draft genome of field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense) provides tools for the domestication of a new winter biofuel crop. DNA Res. 22:121, 2015.
- Dose, H. L., Eberle, C. A., Forcella, F., and Gesch, R. W. Early planting dates maximize winter annual field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) yield and oil content. Ind. Crops Prod. 97:477, 2017.
- Drewnowski, A., Moskowitz, H., Reisner, M., and Krieger, B. Testing consumer perception of nutrient content claims using conjoint analysis. Public Health Nutr. 13:688, 2010.
- Eberle, C. A., Thom, M. D., Nemec, K. T., Forcella, F., Lundgren, J. G., et al. Using pennycress, camelina, and canola cash cover crops to provision pollinators. Ind. Crops Prod. 75:20, 2015.
- Frels, K., Chopra, R., Dorn, K. M., Wyse, D. L., Marks, M. D., and Anderson, J. A. Genetic diversity of field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense) reveals untapped variability and paths toward selection for domestication. Agronomy 9:302, 2019.
- Hayes, B. J., and Goddard, M. E. Prediction of total genetic value using genome-wide dense marker maps. Genetics 157:1819, 2001.
- Hojilla-Evangelista, M. P., Selling, G. W., Berhow, M. A., and Evangelista, R. L. Extraction, composition and functional properties of pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) press cake protein. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 92:905, 2015.
- Hopkins, R. J., van Dam, N. M., and van Loon, J. J. A. Role of glucosinolates in insect–plant relationships and multitrophic interactions. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 54:57, 2009.
- Isbell, T. A., Cermak, S. C., and Marek, L. F. Registration of Elizabeth Thlaspi arvense L. (pennycress) with improved nondormant traits. J. Plant Regist. 11:311, 2017.
- Jungers, J. M., DeHaan, L. H., Mulla, D. J., Sheaffer, C. C., and Wyse, D. L. Reduced nitrate leaching in a perennial grain crop compared to maize in the Upper Midwest, USA. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 272:63, 2019.
- Marti, A., Qiu, X., Schoenfuss, T. C., and Seetharaman, K. Characteristics of perennial wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) and refined wheat flour blends: Impact on rheological properties. Cereal Chem. 92:434, 2015.
- McClure, K. A., Sawler, J., Gardner, K. M., Money, D., and Myles, S. Genomics: A potential panacea for the perennial problem. Am. J. Bot. 101:1780, 2014.
- Naczk, M., and Shahidi, F. Nutritional implications of canola condensed tannins. Page 186 in: Antinutrients and Phytochemicals in Food. ACS Symposium Series, vol. 662. F. Shahidi, ed. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1997.
- Peschel, A. O., Kazemi, S., Liebichova, M., Sarraf S. C. M., and Aschemann-Witzel, J. Consumers’ associative networks of plant-based food product communications. Food Qual. Prefer. 75:145, 2019.
- Ringling, K., Chopra, R., Anderson, N., Marquart, L., and Marks, M. D. Identification and characterization of genes involved in field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) glucosinolate production. Curr. Dev. Nutr. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzz047.OR20-06-19. 2019.
- Sedbrook, J. C., Phippen, W. B., and Marks, M. D. New approaches to facilitate rapid domestication of a wild plant to an oilseed crop: Example pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.). Plant Sci. 227:122, 2014.
- Tyl, C., Bharathi, R., Schoenfuss, T., and Annor, G. A. Tempering improves flour properties of refined intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium). Foods 8:337, 2019.
- Tyl, C., and Ismail, B. P. Compositional evaluation of perennial wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) breeding populations. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 54:660, 2019.
- Wagoner, P. Perennial grain: New use for intermediate wheatgrass. J. Soil Water Conserv. 45:81, 1990.
- Wagoner, P. Intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium): Development of a perennial grain crop. Pages 185-221, 248 in: Cereals and Pseudocereals. Underutilized Crops Series, vol 2. J. T. Williams, ed. Chapman and Hall, London, U.K., 1995.
- Warwick, S. I., Francis, A., and Susko, D. J. The biology of Canadian weeds. 9. Thlaspi arvense L. (updated). Can. J. Plant Sci. 82:803, 2002.
- Weyers, S., Thom, M., Forcella, F., Eberle, C. A., Matthees, H. L., Gesch, R., Ott, M., Feyereisen, G., Strock, J., and Wyse, D. Reduced potential for nitrogen loss in cover crop–soybean relay systems in a cold climate. J. Environ. Qual. 48:660, 2019.
- Zhang, X., Larson, S. R., Gao, L., Teh, S. L., DeHaan, L. R., et al. Uncovering the genetic architecture of seed weight and size in intermediate wheatgrass through linkage and association mapping. Plant Genome 10:1, 2017.
- Zhang, X., Sallam, A., Gao, L., Kantarski, T., Poland, J., DeHaan, L. R., Wyse, D. L., and Anderson, J. A. Establishment and optimization of genomic selection to accelerate the domestication and improvement of intermediate wheatgrass. Plant Genome 9:1, 2016.
- Zhong, Y. X., Mogoginta, J., Gayin, J., and Annor, G. A. Starch hydrolysis kinetics of intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) flour and its effects on the unit chain profile of its resistant starch fraction. Cereal Chem. 96:564, 2019.